Sympathetic injections can treat pain involving the sympathetic nerves. Sympathetic nervesspread out from your spine to your body and help control involuntary body functions such as blood flow, blood pressure, regulation of body temperature, etc …
Sympathetic injections are not only used as a diagnostic test to determine if sympathetic nerves are causing pain, but these injections are also used as a treatment to providea long-lasting pain relief.
Guided by fluoroscopy (x-ray), a small amount of contrastdye is injected to ensure that the injection will flow to the targeted tissue of the sympathetic nerves. Once confirmed, a local anesthetic and an anti-inflammatory corticosteroid medication is injected into the areato obtain pain relief. Generally, a set of 3 injections, each spaced about 2-3 weeks apart may be required for longer-lasting pain relief.
Risks & Side Effects
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) Therapy
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a concentrate of plasma that has higher amount of growth factors.It is used to help regenerate soft tissue and healing. Platelet-rich plasma can treat sports injuries, including torn ligaments and tendons, skeletal fractures, strained muscles, sprained knees and chronic tendon injuries.
Blood is drawn from the patient and centrifuged to separate the platelet rich plasma. A local anesthetic may also be included with the platelet-rich plasma to be injected into the affected area or the joint.
The entire process usually takes about one hour. Pain at the injection site may increase after the procedure, but it declines in a few days. The patient may not feel the full benefits of the treatment untilafter a few weeks.
Risks & Side Effects
There are general risks of skin puncture associated with contamination and infection. However, since a PRP injection is made with the patient’s own blood, the risk of these complications is very low.
The most common side effect of the procedure is tenderness at the site of the injection. Hence,the patient should minimize activity for at least one day following the procedure.
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